There are several places around the world that are currently thriving with people, but you will be shocked to learn that they are at risk of becoming uninhabitable due to the threat of climate change. With increasing temperatures, and glaciers melting in the sea causing the sea levels to rise, many communities have now been forced to consider relocating to ensure they are living in a safe and stable area. Unless we alter our actions and are able to significantly reduce our greenhouse emissions it is likely that we won’t be able to live in certain areas around the world. Here are 10 places that could be uninhabitable in 100 years.
Although we are listing 10 places that could be uninhabitable in 100 years, there are more locations around the world that could be threatened by climate change. Here are just 10 of the areas on earth we think you might be shocked to learn may no longer exist in the next century.
Across Canada the sea levels are rising, and there is also coastal erosion and storm surge flooding. All of the coastal communities in Canada are at risk of being affected by climate change and in the west coast region there is a larger threat of storm surge flooding compared to the sea level rising. This means coastal communities are at risk of losing their homes and will have to relocate before it's too late.
Alaska has a similar problem to Canada, and has seen coastal erosion accelerating at an alarming rate meaning it has the potential to become one of the places that could be uninhabitable in 100 years. This is due to a combination of melting permafrost, the loss of sea ice that protects the coastline and a global sea level rise. This has forced coastal communities to relocate before the rising sea levels flood their homes.
3. The Persian Gulf
A shocking report was published last year which claimed that the Persian Gulf may not be a habitable place for humans by 2090. The gulf encompasses cities such as Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Kuwait City, and it is predicted that their heat index temperatures, which is a combination of the effects of temperature and humidity, would be 165-170 degrees Farenheit. This is too hot to support the survival of humans, as our bodies aren't able to cool properly at this temperature, so it is likely to become one of the places that could be uninhabitable in 100 years.
4. Marshall Islands
Low-lying islands in the Pacific such as the Marshall Islands are at risk of disappearing under water and becoming one of the places that could be uninhabitable in 100 years. Burning fossil fuels causesheat trappinggases to be released into the atmosphere, and increase the temperature. This leads to ice sheets melting into the ocean and raising the sea level. Over the past 30 years the sea levels in the South Pacific have risen over a foot, and it is predicted that over the next 100 years it will rise between one to four feet across the world. Most of the Marshall Islands are only six feet above sea level, meaning they are at risk of disappearing under water very soon.
Miami is particularly vulnerable to climate change as it is built on limestone which is currently soaking up the rising sea water. This is causing sea water to fill up the city's foundations and fresh water to become polluted. Miami has suffered several floods caused by high spring and autumn tides, and with the increase in sea level it keeps getting worse. Just like the Marshall Islands, Miami is only six feet above sea level, so it is highly at risk of becoming underwater if no action is taken to prevent this.
6. New York City
It may be hard to imagine America without New York, but this is one of the major US cities that is at risk of becoming a bathtub. The New York metropolitan area has 3,700 miles of tidal coastline, and since 1900 the sea level has risen by a foot, which is higher than the global average. If nothing is done to tackle climate change and reduce its effects, it is predicted by 2080 that the sea level could go up by three feet, and at the beginning of the next century that number could increase to six.
The Greenland ice sheet is melting at an alarming rate and causing the sea levels to rise dramatically. Compared to ice atop mountains and the ice floating in cold ocean water, the ice within large ice sheets affects the sea level the most. It is estimated that the icesheet is losing 110 million Olympic size swimming pools worth of water each year but if the temperature in the atmosphere is raised this might cause the icesheet to melt even quicker and lead to a high increase in the global sea level.
8. Honolulu, Hawaii
Hawaii is expected to suffer the most when the global sea rises according to a study at the University of Urbino in Italy. Melting ice is causing the sea level to rise unevenly around the world, and Honolulu in Hawaii is likely to endure the highest waters. It is claimed that even a one inch rise in the global sea level could cause the shoreline at Honolulu to move up eight feet, so the higher the sea level rises globally, the closer Honolulu is to becoming under water.
9. South East Asia
South East Asia is already affected by extreme changes in climate, such as floods and droughts, and there are many areas which don't have the essential infrastructure to withstand problems such as these. Coastal flooding and land loss is expected in areas of east, south-east and south Asia, due to a rise in global temperature, ice caps melting and sea levels rising. By the end of the century it is predicted that a lot of the area will be under water and uninhabitable, and the cities at risk include China, Vietnam, Japan, India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and Myanmar.
Even though Sacramento is not on the coast, it is still at risk of becoming one of the places that could be uninhabitable in 100 years because of the rising sea level. There are a lot of waterways that surround this area as well as the Sacramento river and American river, and this capital city has also suffered several floods in the past. If the sea level increases by a few feet this could put pressure on the levee system and cause severe flooding, which could ultimately lead to it being submerged under water.